Victoria Transport Institute – Online TDM Encyclopedia

 

 


Online TDM Encyclopedia
Transportation Demand Management (TDM, also called Mobility Management) is a general
term for strategies that result in more efficient use of transportation
resources. This Encyclopedia is a comprehensive source of information
about innovative management solutions
to transportation problems. It provides
detailed information on dozens of demand management strategies, plus general
information on TDM planning and evaluation techniques. It is produced
by the Victoria Transport Policy Institute to increase
understanding and implementation of TDM.

Contents

Overview
Strategies To Achieve Specific Objectives
Best Strategies For Various Organizations and Stakeholder Groups
TDM Strategies

   Improved Transport Options

   Incentives To Use Alternative Modes and Reduce Driving
   Parking and Land Use Management
   Policy And Institutional Reforms
TDM Programs and Program Support
TDM Planning and Evaluation
Reference Information


Overview

These chapters describe this Encyclopedia and TDM.


About This Encyclopedia

Describes the Encyclopedia and how to use it.


Why Manage Transportation?

Discusses reasons to apply transportation demand management.


Success Stories

Describes successful TDM programs.


Win-Win Transportation Solutions

Describes TDM strategies that provide multiple economic,
social and environmental benefits.

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Strategies To Achieve Specific
Objectives

These chapters describe the best strategies for achieving specific objectives.


Congestion Reduction

Strategies for reducing traffic congestion.


Energy Conservation and Emission Reductions

Strategies for reducing vehicle energy consumption and pollution emissions.


Health and Fitness

Strategies that improve public fitness and health through physical activity.


Improving Equity

Strategies that help achieve equity objectives.


Livability Strategies

Strategies that improve local environmental quality as experiened by people who live, work and visit in a community.


Parking Solutions

Solutions to parking problems.


Rural Community TDM

Strategies that can help improve transportation in lower-density, rural areas.


Safety Strategies

Strategies for improving traffic safety and public health.


Transportation Affordability

Describes TDM strategies that increase transportation affordability.


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Organizations and Stakeholder Groups

 


These chapters identify the best TDM strategies for implementation by various organizations and stakeholder groups.



Individual Actions for Efficient Transport

Actions that people can take to increase transport system efficiency.


Business Actions for Efficient Transport

Actions that businesses can take to increase transport system efficiency in their roles as employers, developers, building operators and service providers.


Business Association Actions for Efficient Transport

Actions that organizations such as chambers of commerce and transportation management associations, can take to increase transport system efficiency.


Community Organization Actions for Efficient Transport

Actions that community and non-profit organizations can take to increase transport system efficiency.


Campus Actions for Efficient Transport

Actions that campus managers can take to increase transport system efficiency.


Municipal Actions for Efficient Transport

Actions that municipal governments can take to increase transport system efficiency.


Regional Government Actions for Efficient Transport

Actions that regional governments can take to increase transport system efficiency.


State/Provincial Actions for Efficient Transport

Actions that state and provincial governments can take to increase transport system efficiency.


Federal Actions for Efficient Transport

Actions that federal governments can take to increase transport system efficiency.


Transportation Agency Actions for Efficient Transport

Actions that transportation agencies can take to increase transport system efficiency.


TDM Summary Table

This table rates all TDM strategies based on their appropriateness for implementation by various organizations and stakeholder groups.


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TDM Strategies

 


These chapters describe specific TDM strategies. They are divided into major categories according to how they affect travel.


Improved Transport Options


Address Security Concerns

Strategies for improving personal security.


Alternative Work Schedules

Flextime, Compressed Work Week (CWW), and staggered shifts.


Bus Rapid Transit

Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems provide high quality bus service on busy urban corridors.


Cycling Improvements

Strategies for improving bicycle transport.


Bike/Transit Integration

Ways to integrate bicycling and public transit.


Carsharing

Vehicle rental services that substitute for private vehicle ownership.


Flextime

Flexible daily work schedules.


Guaranteed Ride Home

An occasional subsidized ride home for commuters who use alternative modes.


Individual Actions for Efficient Transport

Actions that individuals can take to increase transport system efficiency.


Light Rail Transit

Light Rail Transit (LRT) systems provide convenient local transit service on busy urban corridors.



Mobility Hubs

Transportation terminals designed to integrate diverse travel options and support services.


Nonmotorized Planning

Planning for walking, cycling, and their variants.


Nonmotorized Facility Management

Best practices for managing nonmotorized facilities such as walkways, sidewalks and paths.


Pedways

Indoor urban walking networks that connect buildings and transportation terminals.


Public Bike Systems

Automated bicycle rental systems designed to provide efficient mobility for short, utilitarian urban trips.


Ridesharing

Encouraging carpooling and vanpooling.


Shared Mobility Services

Ridehailing, ridesharing, carsharing and bikesharing services.


Shuttle Services

Shuttle buses, jitneys and free transit zones.


Small Wheeled Transport

Accommodating wheeled luggage, skates, scooters and handcarts.


Transit Station Improvements

Describes ways to improve public transit stop and station waiting conditions.


Taxi Service Improvements

Strategies for improving taxi services.


Telework (Telecommuting, Distance-Learning, etc.)

Use of telecommunications as a substitute for physical travel.


Traffic Calming

Roadway designs that reduce vehicle traffic speeds and volumes.


Transit Improvements

Strategies for improving public transit services.


Transit Examples

Describes successful transit programs.


Universal Design (Barrier Free Planning)

Transport systems that accommodate all users, including people with
disabilities and other special needs


Walkability Improvements

Strategies for improving walking conditions.


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Incentives To Use Alternative
Modes and Reduce Driving


Carbon Taxes

Special taxes based on fuel carbon content intended to encourage energy conservation and climate change emission reductions.


Commuter Financial Incentives

Parking cash out, travel allowance, transit and rideshare benefits.


Congestion Pricing

Variable road pricing used to reduce peak-period vehicle trips.


Complete Streets

Designing Roads For Diverse Modes, Users and Activities


Distance-Based Pricing

Vehicle fees and taxes based on a vehicle’s mileage.


Fuel Taxes

Increasing fuel taxes to achieve TDM objectives.


HOV (High Occupant Vehicle) Priority

Strategies that give transit and rideshare vehicles priority over other traffic.



Multi-Modal Navigation Tools

Describes wayfinding resources and other multi-modal navigation tools.



Parking Pricing

Charging motorists directly for parking.


Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance

Converting vehicle insurance premiums into distance-based fees.



Road Pricing

Congestion pricing, value pricing, road tolls and HOT lanes.



Road Space Reallocation

Roadway design and management practices that favor efficient modes.



Speed Reductions

Strategies to reduce traffic speeds.


Transit Encouragement

Strategies for encouraging public transit use.


Vehicle Use Restrictions

Limiting vehicle traffic at a particular time and place.



Walking And Cycling Encouragement

Strategies for encouraging nonmotorized transportation.


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Parking and Land Use Management


Bicycle Parking

Bicycle racks, lockers and changing facilities.


Car-Free Planning

Strategies to reduce automobile travel at particular times and places, and create pedestrian oriented streets.


Strong Commercial Centers

Creating vibrant downtowns, business districts, urban villages, and other mixed-use activity centers.


Connectivity

Creating more connected roadway and path networks.


Land Use Density and Clustering

Locating common destinations close together to increase accessibility and transport diversity.


Location Efficient Development

Development that maximizes accessibility and affordability.


New Urbanism

Accessible, livable community design.


Parking Cost, Pricing and Revenue Calculator

Excel spreadsheet calculates parking facility costs, prices and revenue.


Parking Management

Strategies for more efficient use of parking.


Parking Management: Strategies, Evaluation and Planning – Comprehensive

This report provides comprehensive guidance on parking management (PDF format).


Parking Pricing

Charging motorists directly for using parking facilities.


Parking Solutions

Comprehensive menu of solutions to parking problems.


Parking Evaluation

Guidelines for evaluating parking problems and solutions.


Shared Parking

Sharing parking facilities among multiple users.


Smart Growth

Land use practices to create more accessibile, efficient and livable communities.


Smart Growth Reforms

Policy and planning reforms that encourage more accessible land use development.


Smart Growth Reforms – Comprehensive

This report provides detailed information on Smart Growth policy and planning reforms. (PDF Format)


Streetscape Improvements

Various ways to improve urban street design.



Transit Oriented Development (TOD)

Using transit stations as a catalyst to create more livable communities.


Land Use Impacts on Transport

Describes how land use factors such as density, mix and regional accessibility affect travel behavior.


Land Use Impacts on Transport – Comprehensive

This comprehensive report provides detailed information on how land use factors affect travel behavior. (PDF Format)


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Policy And Institutional Reforms


Asset Management

Policies and programs to preserve the value of assets such as roadways and parking facilities.


Car-Free Planning

Strategies to reduce driving at particular times and places.


Change Management

Ways to build support for institutional change.


Comprehensive Market Reforms

Policy changes that result in more efficient transport pricing.


Context Sensitive Design

Flexible design requirements to reflect community values.


Contingency-Based Planning

Planning that deals with uncertainly by identifying solutions to potential future problems.


Institutional Reforms

Creating organizations that support efficient transport.


Least Cost Planning

Creating an unbiased framework for transport planning.


Operations and Management Programs

Programs that encourage more efficient use of existing roadway systems.


Prioritizing Transportation

Principles for prioritizing transportation activities and investments.


Regulatory Reform

Policy changes to encourage transport service competition, innovation and efficiency.


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TDM Programs and Program Support


Access Management

Improved coordination between roadway design and land use.


Aviation Transport Management

Applying TDM to air transport.


Campus Transport Management

Transport management for colleges, universities and other large facilities.


Data Collection and Surveys

Data collection for TDM program planning and evaluation.


Commute Trip Reduction

Programs that encourage more efficient commuting.



Emergency Response Transport Management

Discusses transport management under emergency and disaster conditions.




Freight Transport Management

Strategies to improve the efficiency of freight and commercial transport.



Financing Options

Describes various ways to fund transport programs that support TDM objectives.



Intelligent Transportation

Describes the use of new information technologies to improve transportation
system performance and efficiency.



School Transport Management

Transport management for schools.


Special Event Transport Management

Transportation management for major events, construction projects and emergencies.


Developing Country TDM

Implementing transportation demand management in developing regions.


TDM Marketing

Information and encouragement programs to promote TDM.


TDM Programs

Developing an institutional framework for implementing TDM.



Tourist Transport Management

Transportation management for tourist and leisure travel.



Transportation Management Associations (TMA)

Member-controlled organizations that provide transportation services in
a particular area.



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TDM Planning and Evaluation


These chapters provide information on TDM planning and
evaluation techniques.



Accessibility

Describes the concept of “accessibility,” how it is evaluated, and ways to improve it.



Evaluating Accessibility – Comprehensive

This report discusses the concept of “accessibility,” how it can be evaluated and improved, and ways to apply these concepts in transport and land use planning. (PDF Format).




Automobile Dependency

Describes transport and land use patterns that increase automobile use and reduce transport options.



Basic Access

Describes the concepts of “Basic Access” and “Basic
Mobility” and how they can be evaluated.



Comprehensive Transport Planning

Planning reforms for more comprehensive and accurate transportation decision-making.




Transportation Demand

Discusses Transport Demand, which refers to the amount and type of travel people would choose under specific price and service quality conditions.




Economic Development Impacts

Examines how TDM affects economic productivity, employment, business activity and wealth.



Equity Evaluation

Discusses concepts of equity and how to evaluate TDM equity impacts.


Equity Evaluation – Comprehensive

This comprehensive report discusses concepts of transportation equity and how to evaluate the equity
impacts of specific transport planning decisions. (PDF Format)




Evaluating TDM Criticism

Evaluates various criticisms of TDM.



Evaluating TDM

Describes methods for evaluating the costs and benefits of TDM policies and programs.



Evaluating Transport Options

Describes the benefits of having a diverse transportation system, and methods for evaluating the value of specific options.



Health and Fitness

Discusses ways to improve public fitness and health by more active transport.



Land Use Evaluation

Discusses ways to evaluate the land use impacts of transport planning decisions.



Land Use Evaluation – Comprehensive

This comprehensive report examines how transportation decisions affect land use patterns, and the
economic, social and environmental impacts that result. (PDF Format)



Multi-Modal Level-Of-Service Indicators

Describes Level-of-Service (LOS) rating systems suitable for evaluating the quality of various modes from users’ perspective.



Market Principles

Discusses market principles and the degree to which TDM strategies reflect these principles.



Measuring Transportation

Discusses various ways to measure transport performance.



Modeling Improvements

Discusses ways to improve transport models.



Nonmotorized Transport Evaluation

Describes techniques for evaluating walking and cycling for planning purposes.




Performance Evaluation

Discusses specific performance indicators for measuring progress toward specific objectives.



Planning and Implementation

Discusses various issues to consider when planning and implementing Transportation
Demand Management programs.




Pricing Evaluation

Factors to consider when evaluating TDM strategies that change transport prices.



Pricing Methods

Describes and compares methods of collecting road tolls, parking fees and mileage charges.



Rebound Effects

Discusses “rebound effects” and their implications for transport planning.



Resilience and Security

Explores the concepts of resilience and security and their implications for transport planning.



Safety Impact Evaluation

Evaluates how TDM strategies impact traffic safety, security and public health.



Transit Evaluation

Describes how to evaluate public transit services.



Evaluating Public Transit Benefits and Costs – Comprehensive

This comprehensive report describes how to evaluate the full benefits and costs of public transit services for planning purposes. (PDF Format)



Sustainable Transport and TDM

Discusses how TDM can help achieve sustainable transport planning objectives.





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Reference Information


These chapters provide additional technical information about TDM.


Costs of Driving

Summarizes estimates of the costs of driving and savings from reduced vehicle travel.


Glossary

Defines special words used in TDM planning.


Mobility Management Evaluation Spreadsheet

This spreadsheet can be used to evaluate the individual and cumulative impacts of various mobility management strategies on vehicle travel, energy consumption and emissions.


Prestige and Pleasure

Discusses the implications of mobility being a prestige good and a pleasurable activity.


TDM Summary Table

This table lists the various TDM strategies and rates them for implementation by various stakeholder groups.


Resources

Publications and websites for more information on TDM.


Transportation Statistics

Describes sources of transportation data throughout the world.


Transportation Costs & Benefits

Describes and estimates various transportation costs and benefits.


Transportation Costs and Benefit Analysis – Comprehensive

This comprehensive guide, updated in 2009, provides detailed information for quantifying the full costs and benefits of different transport modes.


Transportation Elasticities

Describes how changes in transportation prices (fares, fuel, parking fees, tolls, etc.) affect travel behavior.


Transportation Elasticities – Comprehensive

This comprehensive report provides detailed information on how transportation price changes affect travel behavior. (PDF Format)


Trip Reduction Tables

These tables indicate how parking prices and commuter benefits affect commute travel patterns.


Wit and Humor

To add a little fun, jokes and quotes are scattered through the Encyclopedia. This chapter has the beginning of each one. Follow the links to the punchlines.


This Encyclopedia is produced by the Victoria Transport Policy
Institute
to help improve understanding of Transportation Demand
Management. It is an ongoing project. Please
send
us
your comments and suggestions for improvement.


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