Motor Vehicle Defects and Safety Recalls: What Every Vehicle Owner Should Know | Safercar.gov

Defects and Recalls Booklet
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Introduction

In 2009, approximately 30,000 lives were lost on our Nation’s highways Although 30,000 reflect a 28% decrease in traffic fatalities since 2006, much can still be done to address this issue on our Nation’s highways Traffic crashes are the primary cause of debilitating injuries in the United States and the number one killer of Americans under the age of 34 In addition to staggering emotional costs, the annual economic loss to society because of these crashes, in terms of worker productivity, medical costs, insurance costs, etc , is estimated at more than $230 billion Clearly, there is a need for dramatic improvement in motor vehicle safety Getting unsafe vehicles off the road is integral to improving safety and saving lives.

The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act (originally enacted in 1966 and now recodified as 49 U.S.C. Chapter 301) gives the Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) the authority to issue vehicle safety standards and to require manufacturers to recall vehicles that have safety-related defects or do not meet Federal safety standards. Since then, more than 390 million cars, trucks, buses, recreational vehicles, motorcycles, and mopeds, as well as 46 million tires, 66 million pieces of motor vehicle equipment, and 42 million child safety seats have been recalled to correct safety defects.

Manufacturers voluntarily initiate many of these recalls, while others are either influenced by NHTSA investigations or ordered by NHTSA via the courts. If a safety defect is discovered, the manufacturer must notify NHTSA, as well as vehicle or equipment owners, dealers, and distributors. The manufacturer is then required to remedy the problem at no charge to the owner. NHTSA is responsible for monitoring the manufacturer’s corrective action to ensure successful completion of the recall campaign.

Purpose

The purpose of this Motor Vehicle Safety Defects and Recalls Booklet is to answer the most commonly asked questions about how and why recall campaigns are initiated, and to inform consumers of their rights and responsibilities when a vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment is recalled. In these pages, you’ll discover how to report a safety-related problem to NHTSA, as well as how participation by citizens like you helps to keep motor vehicles as safe as possible. See the following section for comprehensive answers to some of the most frequently asked questions (FAQs) NHTSA receives on recalls.

Frequently Asked Questions

When is a recall necessary?

  • When a motor vehicle or item of motor vehicle equipment (including tires) does not comply with a Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard.

  • When there is a safety-related defect in the vehicle or equipment.

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards set minimum performance requirements for those parts of the vehicle that most affect its safe operation (brakes, tires, lighting) or that protect drivers and passengers from death or serious injury in the event of a crash (air bags, safety belts, child restraints, energy absorbing steering columns, motorcycle helmets). These Federal Standards are applicable to all vehicles and

Regulations Section | Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration

Section § 396.11: Driver vehicle inspection report(s).

Below are the available interpretations for the given section. To return to the list of parts, use the Parts link above. The menu to the left provides a full list of sections that have interpretations. To view interpretations for a different section, click on the menu item.

The regulations text of the section can be found on the eCFR website. To view the regulations text, use the link below. For assistance, please send an email to FMCSA.Webmaster@dot.gov.

View regulations for Part 396


Question 1: Does §396.11 require the DVIR to be turned in each day by a driver dispatched on a trip of more than one day’s duration?

Guidance: A driver must prepare a DVIR at the completion of each day’s work and shall submit those reports to the motor carrier upon his/her return to the home terminal. This does not relieve the motor carrier from the responsibility of effecting repairs and certification of any items listed on the DVIR, prepared at the end of each day’s work, that would be likely to affect the safety of the operation of the motor vehicle.

Question 2: Does §396.11 require that the power unit and the trailer be inspected?

Guidance: Yes. A driver must be satisfied that both the power unit and the trailer are in safe operating condition before operating the combination.

Question 3: May more than one power unit be included on the DVIR if two or more power units were used by a driver during one day’s work?

Guidance: No. A separate DVIR must be prepared for each power unit operated during the day’s work.

Question 4: Does §396.11 require a motor carrier to use a specific type of DVIR?

Guidance: A motor carrier may use any type of DVIR as long as the report contains the information and signatures required.

Question 5: Does §396.11 require a separate DVIR for each vehicle and a combination of vehicles or is one report adequate to cover the entire combination?

Guidance: One vehicle inspection report may be used for any combination, provided the defects or deficiencies, if any, are identified for each vehicle and the driver signs the report.

Question 6: Does §396.11(c) require a motor carrier to effect repairs of all items listed on a DVIR prepared by a driver before the vehicle is subsequently driven?

Guidance: The motor carrier must effect repairs of defective or missing parts and accessories listed in Appendix G to the FMCSRs before allowing the vehicle to be driven.

Question 7: What constitutes a “certification” as required by §396.11(c)(1) and (2)?

Guidance: A motor carrier or its agent must state, in writing, that certain defects or deficiencies have been corrected or that correction was unnecessary. The declaration must be immediately followed by the signature of the person making it.

Question 8: Who must certify under §396.11(c) that repairs have been made when a motor vehicle is repaired en route by the driver or a commercial

KDOT: Bicycle Safety

 

                

           
        
                   

In Kansas, bicyclists are required to follow the same    rules of the road as motorists.  Please ride safely, be courteous to other    roadway users, and abide by all Kansas traffic laws.  Always ride a well-maintained    bicycle and know your riding limitations.  You should be able to ride comfortably    with minimal strain at least half of the total distance planned to be covered    each day of your tour.

   

     

Helmets:  Bicyclists are strongly encouraged to wear American National Standards Institute   (ANSI), or the American Society for Testing and Materials  (ASTM), or Snell Memorial Foundation  (Snell) approved helmets at all times.

Paved Shoulders:  Bicyclists are strongly encouraged to ride on paved shoulders which are equal to or greater than three feet in width whenever they are available.

Ride to the Right, With Traffic:  Ride with normal traffic flow and ride to the right side of the roadway.  If lane width allows, stay within two feet from the curb or roadway edge which will allow you maneuvering space to avoid debris or potholes.  Lane markings are for your safety and benefit.
     
Be Predictable:  Do not surprise a motorist, pedestrian or other bicyclist.  Hold your line.  Act predictably and avoid sudden movements.  Do not show off by stunting or weaving in traffic.

Group Riding:  Ride in single file on the right side of the roadway.  Avoid overlapping wheels.

Use Arm Signals:  Signaling intentions is essential to let motorists and riding companions know what you are about to do.

   
                                

           
Left, Right, and Stop Arm Signals

       

           

  Arm Signals

       

   
   

Pedestrians:  Remember that pedestrians have the right-of-way.

Be Easily Seen:  Wear brightly colored  clothing and have reflectors on your bicycle. When riding after dusk,  the bicycle must be equipped with a white light visible  at least 500 feet ahead and have a reflector visible at least 500 feet to the rear.  A flag is useful in increasing your visibility on rural roads.
   

Child Carriers:  Carriers must offer the child protection from rear wheel spokes and a strap to secure the child.

Railroad Tracks:  Stop within 15 feet of railroad crossings.  Cross railroad tracks at right angles. Trains always have the right-of-way.

Other Important Safety Tips:  Be extra careful at intersections, listen for overtaking vehicles, brake carefully in wet weather or on slippery surfaces, load your bicycle correctly, drink and eat properly, and be careful of dogs and other animals.

RIDE DEFENSIVELY:
MAINTAIN A SAFETY FIRST ATTITUDE.  IN A CRASH, WHETHER YOUR FAULT OR NOT YOUR FAULT YOU LOSE.    USE ALL YOUR ABILITIES TO PROTECT YOURSELF.

Source Article

Bicycle Safety

Bicycle Safety Introduction

Bicycling is a common means of transportation as well as an increasingly popular source of recreation, exercise, and sport. With more than 100 million bicycle owners, the popularity of bicycling has reached an all-time high.

Along with increased use of bicycles comes the risk of significant injuries. According to national statistics, more than 1.8 billion bicycle outings occur each year, resulting in nearly 494,000 visits to emergency departments. Injuries related to bicycling range from common abrasions, cuts, and bruises to broken bones, internal injuries, head trauma, and even death.

More than 900 bicyclists die annually, and 20,000 are admitted to hospitals. From a statistical standpoint, bicycle riding has a higher death rate per trip or per mile of travel than being a passenger in an automobile. The majority of bicycle deaths are caused by head injuries.

The most common cause of bicycle crashes are falls or collisions with stationary objects.


Principles of Bicycle Safety

 

The best preparation for safe bicycle riding is proper training. Common resources for training include an experienced rider, parent, or community program. Often, however, initial training involves simple instruction from parents on balance and pedaling.

Proper supervision of younger riders is a must . In fact, it is recommended that younger children ride only in enclosed areas.

Early investment in safety equipment such as protective clothing and a helmet can prevent a significant number of injuries. Proper equipment safety preparation include:

  • Helmets – Extremely important
  • Reflective clothing for nighttime or low-visibility conditions
  • Bicycle safety equipment (reflectors on frame and wheels)
  • Proper bicycle selection
  • Proper bicycle maintenance

Consider these ideas to help further reduce the risk of a bicycle accident.

  • A bicycle should only be used in a way that’s appropriate for the age of the rider.
  • A bicycle rider needs to have the proper experience and skill before riding on public roads.
  • Less experienced bicyclists should learn the rules of the road.
  • Both bicyclists and motorists need to understand how to safely and courteously share the road.
  • Both motorist and bicyclist need to observe the proper speed limits, yield right-of-way, not drive while drinking.
  • Bicyclists need to be aware of their surroundings. Watch for opening car doors, sewer grating, debris on the roads, uneven surfaces, and poorly lit areas.

Continued

Obeying traffic rules can help ensure safe travel.

  • Cyclists need to follow the same rules as motorists.
  • Always use correct hand signals before turning.
  • Ride in single file with traffic, not against it.

Use these guidelines to increase cycling safety:

  • Avoid major roads and sidewalks.
  • Announce your presence (“On your left”) on bike and walking trails as you come up behind and pass pedestrians and other riders.

Enforcement and legislation can increase bicycle safety. Promote safety by supporting:

  • The mandated use of protective devices (helmets, reflectors)
  • Bicycle-friendly community and community planning, for

Kids and Bicycle Safety

Safe Riding Tips
Before using your bicycle, make sure it is ready to ride. You should always

inspect your bike to make sure all parts are secure and working properly.

Remember to:

  • Wear a Properly Fitted Bicycle Helmet. Protect your brain, save your life. For more information see the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration publication

    “Easy Steps to Properly Fit a Bicycle Helmet.”
  • Adjust Your Bicycle to Fit. Stand over your bicycle. There should be 1 to 2 inches between you and the top tube (bar) if using a road bike and 3 to 4 inches if a mountain bicycle. The seat should be level front to back. The seat height should be adjusted to allow a slight bend at the knee when the leg is fully extended. The handlebar height should be at the same level with the seat.
  • Check Your Equipment. Before riding, inflate tires properly and check that your brakes work.
  • See and Be Seen. Whether daytime, dawn, dusk, foul weather, or at night, you need to be seen by others. Wearing white has not been shown to make you more visible. Rather, always wear neon, fluorescent, or other bright colors when riding day or night. Also wear something that reflects light, such as reflective tape or markings, or flashing lights. Remember, just because you can see a driver doesn’t mean the driver can see you.
  • Control Your Bicycle. Always ride with at least one hand on the handlebars. Carry books and other items in a bicycle carrier or backpack.
  • Watch for and Avoid Road Hazards. Be on the lookout for hazards such as potholes, broken glass, gravel, puddles, leaves, and dogs. All these hazards can cause a crash. If you are riding with friends and you are in the lead, yell out and point to the hazard to alert the riders behind you.
  • Avoid Riding at Night. It is far more dangerous to ride at night than during the day because you are harder for others to see. If you have to ride at night, wear something that makes you more easily seen by others. Make sure you have reflectors on the front and rear of your bicycle (white lights on the front and red rear reflectors are required by law in many States), in addition to reflectors on your tires, so others can see you.

Many bicycle-related crashes resulting in injury or death are associated with the bicyclist’s behavior, including such things as not wearing a bicycle helmet, riding into a street without stopping, turning left or swerving into traffic that is coming from behind, running a stop sign, and riding the wrong way in traffic. To maximize your safety, always wear a helmet AND follow the rules of the road.

Rules of the Road – Bicycling on the Road    

Bicycles in many States are considered vehicles, and cyclists have the same rights and the same responsibilities to follow the rules of

Bicycle Safety | Motor Vehicle Safety

Photo of a biker wearing jeans riding a bicycle.

How big is the problem?

Deaths and Injuries

In 2015 in the United States, over 1,000 bicyclists died and there were almost 467,000 bicycle-related injuries.3

Cost

Data from 2010 show fatal and non-fatal crash-related injuries to bicyclists resulted in lifetime medical costs and productivity losses of $10 billion.3

What are the major risk factors?

  • Adults aged 50 to 59 years have the highest bicycle death rates.3
  • Children (5-14 years) and adolescents (15-19 years) have the highest rates of nonfatal bicycle-related injuries, accounting for more than one-third of all bicycle-related injuries seen in U.S. emergency departments.3
  • Males die 6 times more often and are injured 4 times more often on bicycles than females.3
  • Most bicyclist deaths occur in urban areas and at non-intersection locations.4
  • Among bicyclist deaths, 37% had alcohol involvement either for the motor vehicle driver or bicycle rider.4

How can bicycle-related injuries and deaths be prevented?

Effective Interventions

Effective interventions to reduce injuries and fatalities to bicyclists include the following:

Bicycle helmets

Bicycle helmets reduce the risk of head and brain injuries in the event of a crash.5 All bicyclists, regardless of age, can help protect themselves by wearing properly fitted bicycle helmets every time they ride.

Bicycle helmet laws 

Bicycle helmet laws are effective for increasing helmet use and reducing crash-related injuries and deaths among children and adults.6

Promising Interventions

Interventions that have shown promise for reducing injuries and fatalities to bicyclists include the following:

Active lighting and rider visibility
  • Fluorescent clothing can make bicyclists visible from further away than regular clothing during the daytime.6
  • Retro-reflective clothing can make bicyclists more visible at night.6
  • Active lighting can include front white lights, rear red lights, or other lighting on the bicycle or bicyclist. This lighting may improve the visibility of bicyclists.6
Roadway engineering measures

Information about roadway engineering measures, like bike lanes, that can improve safety for bicyclists is available from The Pedestrian and Bicycle Information CenterExternal.

Source Article

New Automotive Technology To Help Enhance America’s Road Safety

When driving a rental car, there’s a question that looms in the mind of the renter. Replacement components offered at Auto Components Low cost , for example are made by car components producers that are mandated by high worldwide standards. A worthwhile elements division and a shedding service department may imply the service department is doing poorly, or that a robust parts supervisor is intimidating the service supervisor into paying an excessive amount of for the half.

Generally you possibly can fax a receipt from the unique payment to the automotive rental firm to have your cash refunded. Labour utilisation (typically called ‘promoting effectivity’) tells you the way lengthy productives labored on paying jobs compared to the time they attended the office.

You then call the rental automotive company and you find out that they’ll cost a payment to you for you having to cross their contact data to the town that has issued you the ticket. Along with paying for misplaced time, you might pay bonus and extra time, and also you pay for technicians’ holidays, sick depart and training.

These days, people use them to communicate with different drivers. If your technician completes the service in a single hour (unlikely, we all know) then you’ll still cost the client for two hours. How long your productives are working as a team and individually, and how a lot time they’re losing on work that customers aren’t paying for.

Usually this implies shifting the automobile bodily across the bodyshop, which is much less efficient than the straight in a bay, job completed and straight out state of affairs of a service workshop. These are how cars attain the primary or second ground of a showroom or how the repairs to the decrease part of automobiles are carried out in a mechanic’s store.…

New Automotive Know-how To Help Improve America’s Highway Safety

2017 was a very interesting yr for the automobile business and everything that went on both in the public light and behind the scenes. If you know the way to fix cars or you’ve a terrific auto body mechanic you could possibly keep your car and repair it your self. Generally, car manufacturers set up the indicator lights on the side mirrors for different drivers to have higher visibility of your car and the movements you’re about to make.

At these speeds, aerodynamic drag is the primary resistive pressure in deciding a car’s efficiency which is why in sports activities like Formula 1, similarly powered vehicles differ significantly in performance based mostly on which car has the right aerodynamic setting for the perfect combination of high velocity figures in addition to aerodynamic assisted traction (down power) during excessive velocity cornering.

(You’ll find that producers like Mercedes do this on even their lowest level compact cars to improve excessive velocity stability and highway mileage). What is good about these car auctions is that you can actually buy your dream car at an incredible very low value.

Past service and gross sales numbers shall be of less value to future projections if the manufacturing unit intends to add or delete points. These molecules type a movie coating that penetrates between the molecules of the car’s painted floor, creating a very powerful protecting layer.

The cars do not degrade over time and can become harmful if are thrown merely into the public areas. The push for driverless cars will open up the door for the entertainment business and permit it to combine in with the auto trade. The rise of driverless autos is made doable because of how a lot time and cash these big firms are actually pouring into the industry.…

Bicycle Safety Presentation

Over the past twenty years, due to my work, I have continuously been called upon to offer bicycle safety shows to all varieties of audiences from youngsters to cops. Avid bicyclers hit the highway during all types of weather, particularly if the bike is their main type of transportation. A common, however underreported biking injury is bicycle seat neuropathy. Two bicycles and the service can add appreciable weight on the tongue.

The front and rear wheel are chained together with the assistance of a chain which moves on a spindle which has two foot pedals hooked up to it. It has a seat hooked up on the highest for the rider and few bicycles even have a service on the again of the seat.

Holding your bicycle at its optimum performance is primary for receiving the benefits of motorbike driving and driving safely. A seat that’s too high will take the burden of the rider off the pedals and put more weight on the saddle. This makes an electrical bicycle with a lithium ion battery a real bargain in a time of rising gasoline costs.

The sidewalk is a good place for teenagers to ride their bikes in the suburbs as a result of they’d not have to worry about vehicles as a lot. Also, lastly, the purpose of this article is not to encourage folks to trip their bikes drunk. Bicycles that aren’t girls-particular include men’s saddles, which aren’t designed for the feminine anatomy.

Further weight can be put on the hands and the perineum when the rider’s position on the front of the bike seat is extra aggressive. Some rear bicycle lights may be seen an awesome distance, whereas others won’t be vivid sufficient to be seen rapidly by drivers in circumstances the place there are various other lights round.…

Bicycle Safety Do’s And Don’ts

For the reason that invention of the bicycle, people have used this atmosphere-friendly car, as a thrifty approach to journey and get in contact with the culture of the land. Then shift or steadiness the body weight to the front or to at least one facet of the saddle. Since electric bicycles are comparatively new, the laws and laws round them could change very quickly. Cycling not simply amends your lifestyle for the better, however it is the finest exercise that your body will ever get – and that too at a value a lot lesser than shopping for the fitness center equipment, and even signing up with a gymnasium.

Steering, seating, the wheels are all related to the body in a harmonious manner making the bicycle match for a smooth ride. Pedal assisted using is an effective way to enjoy an electrical bicycle. The saddle of a highway bike must be both barely nose down (for a more ahead place) or degree (for a more upright position).

We held off on buying a speedometer and odometer unit for our bikes, but once we acquired critical about losing weight and getting in shape, this function became a “must have.” You merely can’t monitor your progress with out knowing how far and how fast you’re using.

Seashore cruiser bicycles offer a change of surroundings for work-out fans who’ve been biking on pavement roads and gymnasium rooms for a long period of time. The higher quality lights normally require a battery pack that are rechargeable. As your using improves, bike stiffness performs a big function in your feeling of pace and control.

If you want to begin getting in higher form, and shed some pounds, attempt to discover a method to make use of your bicycle to commute to your job, do among the purchasing that you want to do, and go for rides round within the park or area close to your own home.…