ADVISOR Documentation

ADVISOR Documentation

Aaron Brooker, Kristina Haraldsson, Terry Hendricks, Valerie Johnson, Kenneth Kelly, Bill Kramer, Tony Markel, Michael O’Keefe, Sam Sprik, Keith Wipke, Matthew Zolot
Contributors:  Desikan Bharathan, Steve Burch, Matthew Cuddy, Dave Rausen
 

National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Last Modified: October 10, 2003 [version 2003]

Contents

What’s New in ADVISOR

1.0 Introduction

1.1 To the Reader

1.1.1 What is ADVISOR
1.1.2 How to use this manual

1.2 Capabilities and intended uses
1.3 Limitations
1.4 System requirements
1.5 How to get additional help

2.0 Using ADVISOR

2.1 Using the GUI (demo)

2.1.1 Defining a vehicle
2.1.2 Running a simulation
2.1.3 Looking at outputs

2.2 Converting old component files to the current version of ADVISOR
2.3 Running ADVISOR without the GUI
2.4 Helper Classes and Functions

3.0 How ADVISOR works

3.1 ADVISOR file structure

3.1.1 File interactions
3.1.2 File locations
3.1.3 File naming conventions
3.1.4 Adding files to ADVISOR
3.1.5 Inspecting input files
3.1.6 Deleting files from ADVISOR’s database

3.2 Drivetrain model descriptions

3.2.1 Fuel Converter and Exhaust Aftertreatment
3.2.2 Electric Components
3.2.3 Transmission
3.2.4 Vehicle, Wheel and Brakes
3.2.5 Hybrid Control Strategies

3.2.6 Auxiliary Load Models

3.2.7 Saber Co-simulation

3.2.8 Simplorer Co-simulation

3.3 ADVISOR routines

3.3.1 SOC Corrections
3.3.2 Autosize
3.3.3 Acceleration Test
3.3.4 Grade Test
3.3.5 Tech Targets
3.3.6 J1711 Test Procedure
3.3.7 Real World Test Procedure
3.3.8 City Highway Test Procedure
3.3.9 Comparing Simulations
3.3.10 Optimization

3.3.11 Comparing Simulation Results with Test Data

3.4 Data flow in ADVISOR’s block diagrams

3.4.1 Overview
3.4.2 Backward-facing calculation path
3.4.3 Details of motor and motor controller
3.4.4 Forward-facing calculation path

APPENDICES:

A. ADVISOR’s variables

A.1 Variable naming convention
A.2 ADVISOR Input Variables
A.3 ADVISOR Output Variables

B. ADVISOR’s data files
C. Commonly used Matlab commands
D. Conventions for Goto tag use
E. Glossary

For online help with ADVISOR please visit the ADVISOR Community Group.
Last Revised: 10-Oct-2003: ss

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Vehicle Interface – OpenXC

The Vehicle Interface (VI) is piece of hardware that connects
to the car’s CAN bus, translates proprietary CAN messages to the standard
OpenXC message format and sends the output over USB, Bluetooth,
or 3G/Ethernet/WiFi to a host device.

The OBD-II port has one standard pin pair for a single CAN bus, but many
automakers expose other buses on additional, non-standard pin pairs. For this
documentation, we’ll use this nomenclature:

OBD-II Pin Pair OpenXC Bus Name Other common name
6 (+) and 14 (-) CAN1 CAN high / CAN low from ISO 15765-4 and SAE-J2284
3 (+) and 11 (-) CAN2-1 Ford secondary, Chrysler CCD
1 (+) and 8/9 (-)* CAN2-2 Ford: infotainment, GM: J2411
* If available, Pin 8 on Ford B, C platforms and Pin 9 on Ford D platforms. This is typically not available.

Most vehicle data is available from CAN1, and all vehicle interfaces connect
to that bus. Some data is available only on CAN2-1 or CAN2-2, and
these buses are not connected to all available VIs (see below). To find out
if the information you need is on a bus connected by a particular VI, check the
binary firmware documentation for your
vehicle manufacturer.

Note: Unless you have a specific need for Cellular (C5 Cellular), iOS (C5 BLE), or SD Card logging (C5 BT, C5 Cellular)
it is recommended that you use the Ford Reference VI. It is most reliable platform.
The C5 devices are available to provide the specific new functionality.

There are two ways you can obtain a vehicle interface.

This image shows all of the available devices that are described below.

All Devices

The VI is a open source reference design for a “dongle” style vehicle interface
that connects directly to the diagnostic port with no cable. Ford created this
design and manufactured a small quantity to seed the developer community. If you
have an idea for an OpenXC application and this hardware would help,
you can buy the hardware

Ford Reference VI

The reference VI is not as compact as the C5 BT, but it is open
source hardware, so you are free to use or modify this design in your own
hardware, and it connects to both the CAN1 and CAN2-1 bus pins (and
with a small modification can connect to CAN2-2).

There are three types of Vehicle Interfaces made by CrossChasm that are available. They
are all similar and based off the same PIC32 platform. The first is a Bluetooth
Classic, the second is a 3G Cellular device, and latest is a Bluetooth LE device. See
the table below or
vi-firmware
for more complete details.

All of the CrossChasm devices are available at the
OpenXC Shop.

CrossChasm C5 BT

The C5 BT is a very compact interface, so it’s great for fleet deployments. It
connects to the CAN1 bus pins only. A crossover
cable is needed to access a secondary CAN bus.

CrossChasm C5 BT

CrossChasm C5 Cellular

The C5 Cellular device allows a direct GSM connection with a user supplied SIM card. The
device also has

Global Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market Segment Outlook, Market Assessment, Competition Scenario, Trends and Forecast 2020-2029

Global Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market is estimated to be valued US$ XX.X million in 2019. The report on Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market provides qualitative as well as quantitative analysis in terms of market dynamics, competition scenarios, opportunity analysis, market growth, etc. for the forecast year up to 2029. The global automotive torque vectoring systems market is segmented on the basis of type, application, and geography.

In 2019, the North America market is valued US$ XX.X million and the market share is estimated X.X%, and it is expected to be US$ XX.X million and X.X% in 2029, with a CAGR X.X% from 2020 to 2029.

Global Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market

By type, the market is segmented into Active Torque Vectoring System (ATVS), and Passive Torque Vectoring System (PTVS). By application, the market is divided into Commercial Cars, and Passenger Cars.

Based on geography, the market is analyzed across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East and Africa. Major players profiled in the report include Borg Warner, JTEKT, GKN, ZF, Rimac, Mitsubishi, Ricardo, The Timken Company, Prodrive, and Ford.

Key Market Segments

Type

  • Active Torque Vectoring System (ATVS)
  • Passive Torque Vectoring System (PTVS)

Application

  • Commercial Cars
  • Passenger Cars

Key Market Players included in the report:

  • Borg Warner
  • JTEKT
  • GKN
  • ZF
  • Rimac
  • Mitsubishi
  • Ricardo
  • The Timken Company
  • Prodrive
  • Ford

Reasons to Get this Report:

In an insight outlook, this research report has dedicated to several quantities of analysis – industry research (global industry trends) and Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market share analysis of high players, along with company profiles, and which collectively include about the fundamental opinions regarding the market landscape; emerging and high-growth sections of Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market; high-growth regions; and market drivers, restraints, and also market chances.

The analysis covers Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market and its advancements across different industry verticals as well as regions. It targets estimating the current market size and growth potential of the global Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market across sections such as also application and representatives.

Additionally, the analysis also has a comprehensive review of the crucial players on the Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market together side their company profiles, SWOT analysis, latest advancements, and business plans.


The analysis objectives of the report are:

  • To equitably share in-depth info regarding the crucial elements impacting the increase of industry (growth capacity, chances, drivers, and industry-specific challenges and risks).
  • To know the Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market by pinpointing its many subsegments.
  • To profile the important players and analyze their growth plans.
  • To endeavor the amount and value of Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems sub-markets, depending on key regions (various vital states).
  • To analyze Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market concerning growth trends, prospects, and also their participation in the entire sector.
  • To examine and study the Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market size (volume & value) from the company, essential regions/countries, products, and application, background information from 2013 to 2018, and also prediction to 2029.
  • Primary worldwide Automotive Torque Vectoring Systems Market

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The Eastern Seaboard states are generally considered to be New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Washington D.C., Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Georgia and Florida. Nearly one third of the country lives in the states bordering the Atlantic, which obviously means a lot of car shipping traffic.

New York is like a tale of two cities. The Big Apple is America’s largest city and its positive effect on car shipping extends into northern New Jersey, southern Connecticut and eastern Pennsylvania. Upstate New York has far more in common with New England, a mixed bag when it comes to vehicle shipping quotes.

Almost all of New Jersey is accessible except south of Atlantic City. In Delaware, it is Wilmington or bust, as southeast of there is exceedingly difficult for car shipping services. How much to ship a car there depends on exactly where? Most transportation services cringe at the prospect of southern Delaware. In Maryland, the DC corridor that runs from Baltimore to Washington is great for car shipping. However, the far western and eastern regions of Maryland (next to Delaware) are very problematic.

Southeastern Pennsylvania, in the Philadelphia area, is fantastic for car shipping services. Venture inland, however, to every other region of Pennsylvania and it gets dicey transporting cars. Pennsylvania is both an Atlantic Eastern Seaboard state (think Philly) and a Midwest state (think Pittsburgh).

Following I-95 straight down and we run into Virginia, which is wonderful for car transport services in the Arlington and Alexandria areas, and okay into Richmond and Norfolk. It gets slow in the western part of Virginia near Lynchburg, and southwestern part as well. North Carolina is actually easier for vehicle transport companies from Charlotte to Greensboro to Raleigh-Durham. However, those cute towns hugging the coastline from Elizabeth City to Wilmington are tough for auto transport carriers. The same holds true in South Carolina from Myrtle Beach to Hilton Head, with the possible exception of Charleston. By far Columbia is the best place for shipping a car in South Carolina. We will discuss Georgia as part of the South, which is the only way they would have it.

Delaware (DE) | Washington D.C. | Maryland (MD) | New Jersey (NJ) | New York (NY) | North Carolina (NC) | Pennsylvania (PA) | South Carolina (SC) | Virginia (VA) |

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Global Automotive Engine Market Segment Outlook, Market Assessment, Competition Scenario, Trends and Forecast 2019-2028

The report on Automotive Engine Market offers in-depth analysis of market trends, drivers, restraints, opportunities etc. Along with qualitative information, this report includes the quantitative analysis of various segments in terms of market share, growth, opportunity analysis, market value, etc. for the forecast years. The global automotive engine market is segmented on the basis of type, application, and geography.

The Worldwide market for Automotive Engine Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of roughly x.x% over the next nine years, and will reach US$ XX.X Mn in 2028, from US$ XX.X Mn in 2018, according to a new Market.us (Prudour Research) study.

Automotive Engine Market Scope:

By type, the market is segmented into Gasoline Engine, and Diesel Engine. By application, the market is divided into Cars, Trucks, Pickup Truck, and Buses.

Based on geography, the market is analyzed across North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East and Africa. Major players profiled in the report include Volkswagen AG, Toyota, General Motors, Ford, Benz, BMW, BMW, Fiat, Hyundai Motor, Mitsubishi Motors, Commins, and Honda.

Key Market Segments

Type

  • Gasoline Engine
  • Diesel Engine

Application

  • Cars
  • Trucks
  • Pickup Truck
  • Buses

Key Market Players included in the report:

  • Volkswagen AG
  • Toyota
  • General Motors
  • Ford
  • Benz
  • BMW
  • BMW
  • Fiat
  • Hyundai Motor
  • Mitsubishi Motors
  • Commins
  • Honda

Reasons to Get this Report:

In an insight outlook, this research report has dedicated to several quantities of analysis – industry research (global industry trends) and Automotive Engine Market share analysis of high players, along with company profiles, and which collectively include about the fundamental opinions regarding the market landscape; emerging and high-growth sections of Automotive Engine Market; high-growth regions; and market drivers, restraints, and also market chances.

The analysis covers Automotive Engine Market and its advancements across different industry verticals as well as regions. It targets estimating the current market size and growth potential of the global Automotive Engine Market across sections such as also application and representatives.

Additionally, the analysis also has a comprehensive review of the crucial players on the Automotive Engine Market together side their company profiles, SWOT analysis, latest advancements, and business plans.


The analysis objectives of the report are:

  • To equitably share in-depth info regarding the crucial elements impacting the increase of industry (growth capacity, chances, drivers, and industry-specific challenges and risks).
  • To know the Automotive Engine Market by pinpointing its many subsegments.
  • To profile the important players and analyze their growth plans.
  • To endeavor the amount and value of Automotive Engine sub-markets, depending on key regions (various vital states).
  • To analyze Automotive Engine Market concerning growth trends, prospects, and also their participation in the entire sector.
  • To examine and study the Automotive Engine Market size (volume & value) from the company, essential regions/countries, products, and application, background information from 2014 to 2019, and also prediction to 2028.
  • Primary worldwide Automotive Engine Market manufacturing companies, to specify, clarify and analyze the product sales amount, value and market share, market rivalry landscape, SWOT analysis and development plans next coming years.
  • To examine competitive

Planes, Trains and Automobiles: The History of Transportation

Planes, Trains and Automobiles:

Before every other form of transportation, humans traveled on foot. Can you imagine walking from New York City to Los Angeles? Fortunately, human beings learned to use animals such as donkeys, horses and camels for transportation from 4000 BC to 3000 BC. In 3500 BC, the wheel was invented in Iraq and the first wheel was made from wood. Initially, a canoe-like structure was used for water transportation, which was built by burning logs and digging out the burned wood. In 3100BC, the sailing boat was invented by Egyptians while the Romans built roads across Europe. During the Industrial Revolution, the first modern highway was developed by John Loudon McAdam.

In the 17th and 18th century, many new modes of transportation were invented such as bicycles, trains, motor cars, trucks, airplanes, and trams. In 1906, the first car was developed with an internal combustion engine. Many types of transportation systems such as boats, trains, airplanes, and automobiles were based on the internal combustion engine.

The three leading automobile companies in the US in the 1920s were General Motors, Chrysler, and Ford. Furthermore, several styles of automobiles were produced such as the two doors, small, large, sports cars, and luxury cars. Presently, the latest car models have integrated improved standardization, computer aided systems, and platform sharing. The modern railroad system uses remote control for traffic lights and movement of traffic, capable of speeds of more than 570 km/hr.

History of Airplanes

The Wright Brothers were the first to develop a sustained and powered aircraft in 1902. Earlier, an unmanned helicopter powered by a steam engine was developed in 1877 by Enrico Forlanini. Later, bomber aircrafts such as Lancaster and B-29 were designed, and the first commercial jet airline was flown by British pilot De Havilland Comet. Today, commercial aircrafts can fly at the speed of 960 km/hr, transporting people at a lower cost in less time. Currently, unmanned remote controlled aircraft such as Global Hawk is used in military operations.

History of Trains

Trains are connected vehicles which run on rails. They are powered by steam, electricity or diesel. The steam engine is mostly fueled by coal, wood or oil. The first steam powered engine to be used in trains was introduced by James Watt, a Scottish inventor. The first rail transportation was used to move coal from mines to rivers.

The modern rail system was developed in England in 1820, progressing to steam locomotives. In 1825, Stockton and Darlington Railways opened and underground railway was first built in 1863 in London. In 1880, electric trains and the trams were developed. Today, most of the steam locomotives have been replaced by diesel. The fastest commercial High Speed Rail trains which use magnetic levitation technology can go up to 431 km/hr.

History of Automobiles

Automobiles based on internal combustion engine were first patented by Jean Lenoir of France in 1860. The first gasoline powered automobile was developed by Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz in 1885. Modern

After a Car Accident: First Steps

First Steps after a Car Accident

What should you do if you’re in a car accident? When it happens, injuries may be severe and emotions high. However, there are important things to do at the scene of the accident and soon afterward. Below is a list of actions to take after an accident, if possible. Keep this information handy by printing this helpful pamphlet on first steps after an auto accident and storing it in your car.

1. Stay at the Scene

Never leave the accident scene until it’s appropriate to do so. If you leave, particularly where someone has sustained injuries or was killed, you can face serious criminal penalties for being a hit-and-run driver.

2. Check on All Drivers and Passengers

Before assessing property damage, make sure everyone involved in the accident is okay. Get medical attention for anyone who needs it. If a person is unconscious or has neck or back pain, don’t move them until qualified medical help arrives, unless a hazard requires moving the person.

3. Call the Police

If there’s significant property damage, physical injury, or death, you need to call the police. Ask that a police report be filed in situations where cops do arrive at the scene, and obtain the name and badge numbers of the responding officers.

4. Exchange Information

Get the names, numbers, addresses, drivers’ license numbers, license plate numbers, and basic insurance information from all drivers involved. If there are passengers, also obtain their names, numbers, and addresses. In talking to other drivers, try to be cordial and cooperative.

However, you shouldn’t apologize for anything at the scene. For example, if you say, “I’m so sorry I ran that red light! Is everyone okay?” you may be admitting legal liability for what happened. Immediately after an accident, it might not be clear who was at fault or primarily at fault. Moreover, in many states, fault isn’t determinative of which insurer will pay for any loss. Therefore, try not to admit guilt unintentionally or unnecessarily.

5. Talk to Witnesses

Ask every witness what he or she saw. Get their names, numbers, or addresses, if possible. Ask locals if they’ve ever witnessed other accidents in the same place.

6. Inform Your Insurance Company

Promptly tell your insurance company you’ve been in an accident. Cooperate with them and tell them the truth about what happened and the extent of your injuries. Explain the facts clearly. If the insurance company finds out that you’ve lied to them about anything, you can get into serious trouble, including possible denial of coverage for the accident. Obtain and review any police report filed, so you can point out who broke what traffic laws or who was at fault.

7. Keep Track of Your Medical Treatment

Note any doctors, physical therapists, chiropractors, or other medical professionals that you receive treatment from, and each medical provider that referred you to other caregivers. Keep a detailed

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